DEPRESSION

Depression and stress

Depression is a widespread medical condition that negatively affects how you think, act, and feel. Depression brings about feelings of dejection and lethargy. The ailment also causes physical and emotional health issues, which decreases the overall functionality of an individual at home and at work.

What causes depression?

Many factors contribute to the emergence of depression, such as hormonal imbalance, head injury, hormonegenetic characteristics, pulmonary diseases, medical illnesses, grief, stress, and the abuse of drugs. These factors can alter the brain’s chemistry, which leads to the diverse symptoms of depression and other related conditions.

depression

Symptoms of depression

Depression particularly affects your behaviors, emotions, thoughts, and your physical health. If you have these symptoms for more than two weeks, then you have depression. Some symptoms include:

  • You feel weak and tired every day.
  • You feel guilty or worthless every day.
  • You find it difficult to focus, make decisions, and remember details.
  • Difficulty sleeping (insomnia) or excessive sleeping (hypersomnia)
  • You have no interest in many activities
  • You think about suicide or death
  • slowed speech and movement
  • Weight gain or loss of weight.

Generally, healthy people experience some of these symptoms occasionally, thus, the occurrence of just one of the many symptoms does not indicate depression. When medical professionals examine a patient suffering from depression, they basically look for several signs and symptoms occurring frequently for two or three weeks, and how it affects the individual.

Treatment

Thankfully, it is treatable. There are a lot of methods for treating depression. However, it depends on the symptoms, characteristics of the individual.  Medical professionals recommend some of the following treatments.

Antidepressants

The use of antidepressants may reduce your stress when used within two weeks. The patient may not experience complete recovery until after 2 to 3 months. Furthermore, if there is no improvement after some weeks, the psychiatrist can change the dose or the antidepressant entirely.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is used for treating mild to moderate depression.The psychiatrist makes use of psychotherapy along with other medications like antidepressants. Interpersonal therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy are the major forms of psychotherapy for treating. CBT is delivered during a session with a qualified therapist.

Interpersonal therapy assists depression patients to pinpoint emotional issues affecting their communication and relationships and how these problems affect mood and behavior.

Exercise

Aerobic exercise also helps reduce the symptoms of mild depression as it stimulates the neurotransmitter norepinephrine and increases the levels of endorphin. A healthy diet and quality rest can also helping. Depression is a medical illness and there are ways to manage it. Talk to your doctor if you are experiencing any symptoms and request an exhaustive evaluation.

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